Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) have emerged as the ideal choice to meet the increasing in-building wireless coverage demand and provide the expected quality of experience (QoE), said Mr. Ayman Raba, managing director & CEO at Kathrein Middle East, speaking to Telecom Review.

Read more: KBOW & IoT: The new era of Kathrein’s solutions

Mobile chipset/platform manufacturer Qualcomm plays an important role in facilitating the next generation mobile technology platform and the internet of things (IoT). As a leading partner of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), Qualcomm enables emerging smartphone brands and connected device manufacturers to expand their global market and product footprint beyond phones into connected ecosystems, explains Jay Srage, President East Europe and MEA, Qualcomm, speaking to Telecom Review.

Read more: Qualcomm’s role in facilitating the next generation mobile ecosystem

Analyzing data is essential to successful smart city services, Labib Matta, chief business officer at NXN, told Telecom Review. Once a smart city consulting firm, NXN has grown into a full-fledged digital service provider with a list of heavyweight clients. Smart data analytics is the "key cornerstone" of NXN's services, said Matta - the essential component of its growing digital services portfolio.

Read more: Big data at the heart of NXN’s smart city as a service offering

Telecom Operators
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In 2015, UAE telecom operator du announced that it had successfully trialed a new connection technology that could offer download speeds of up to 1 gigabyte per second by means of a simple LED light bulb - a process called Light Fidelity (LiFi). The successful LiFi trial was only possible thanks to du's partnership with Zero.1, a Dubai-based company with ambitions to bring LiFi technology to the UAE. Due to the success of the LiFi trial with du, Zero.1 recently announced that it had officially launched Light Fidelity in Dubai.

LiFi isn't a common term in society just yet. In fact, it almost sounds like a direct competitor to WiFi. But according to Marc Fleschen, co-founder and chief executive officer of Zero.1, LiFi is a technology that will "complement" WiFi and was never meant to replace it.

The technology, which is set to be implemented in Dubai, fits right into the smart city vision of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, vice president and prime minister of the UAE and ruler of Dubai. It has the potential to change the way we work, play and manage our daily lives, providing endless possibilities for the Internet of Things (IoT). Zero.1 announced the successful launch of LiFi in Dubai on April 11.

LiFi as a concept was first unveiled by a man called Harold Haas from the University of Edinburgh in 2011. It is a simple and brilliant concept: wireless technology that transmits high-speed data using light as opposed to radio bands. LiFi's reliance on light waves and existing LED bulbs make it significantly cheaper to operate than traditional WiFi networks, and further provides significantly higher speeds.

Tests conducted by researchers in Estonia in November 2015 achieved transmission speeds of 1GB per second over LiFi in real world conditions, with speeds of up to 224GB per second in laboratory conditions. The technology is on fast track to become a $113 billion industry by 2022, according to a recent article posted in Tweet Tech.

However, LiFi technology isn't perfect. Due to its reliance on light waves, LiFi has had issues performing outdoors during daylight hours, and it also cannot travel through walls, which gives it much smaller range than that of WiFi. Then again, LiFi's short range also makes it beneficial for secure communications, making it suitable for environments that need more security, such as hospitals, company headquarters and security agencies.

Any public or private lighting, including street lamps, can be used to provide LiFi hotspots and the same communications and sensor infrastructure can be used to monitor and control lighting and data. IoS and Android Smartphones can be connected directly using LiFi. Short range links give very high data-speeds and best possible data security. LiFi driven geo-localisation services allow users to benefit from on-the-spot location and services information.

Zero.1's research and development team have created a platform of LiFi enabled LED with their IOTA (Intelligent Outdoor Tower Automation) product range, which takes the traditional LED street light and adds layers of communications to it. IOTA changes the way public spaces and resources are managed. Together with Zero1's advanced City.1 software, it provides experiential and management solutions for public spaces, community places, industrial hubs and commercial plots.

With its combination of IOTA hardware, City.1 Software and Cloud services, Zero.1 will lead the commercialisation of LiFi technology in the UAE, with plans to also introduce it in other GCC countries soon. LiFi applications that will impact multiple sectors such as street lighting, retail, healthcare, education, museums, and large public venues are reportedly in the development stage and are planned to be strategically launched in 2016.

City.1 is a management software solution that works with IOTA. City.1 software bridges the gap between objects and people. With this communication tool, Smart City managers get more from their infrastructure and give more to citizens. The City.1 mobile application works on iOS and Android platforms. The IOTA Street light is embedded with the Cyrus card. Merged with Zero.1's cloud platform, the city's streetlight network becomes the centre of communication, between the city and its people, businesses and services to people, and people to people.

As well as expanding LiFi in the UAE, Marc Fleschen even mentioned plans that the company has in motion to bring LiFi to French Polynesia where Zero.1 is working with an operator there which plans to use Zero.1's smart LiFi street lights to "expand their network and infrastructure." Dubai was chosen to first introduce Zero.1's LiFi technology because of the city's progressive smart city goals and modern infrastructure.

The company is based in Dubai Silicon Oasis, in the DTEC building which is part of the Dubai Silicon Oasis Techno Hub. According to Fleschen, the area was chosen because of the smart city work that is going on in Silicon Oasis, where there is a Smart Park being implemented. "There are new projects there around smart cities, smart technology and IoT, making it a perfect place for us to implement our technology," said Fleschen. "Du is working with Silicon Oasis on its smart city plan implementing new communication layers, so we have a common project together."

"We are proud to say that in conjunction with our project partner du, we have been able to initiate the first demonstration of its kind in the Middle East," Marc Fleschen further added at the press conference, speaking about Zero.1's partnership with du. "Working with du we look forward to the roll-out of our LiFi applications in the Dubai 'Smart City' platform and the retail sector as the year unfolds. We've decided to work with du because they have a team in place that is a very good fit with us to be able to develop the technology and be able to implement it in an existing project," Fleschen concluded.

The striking advantage of LiFi is that it can boost network speeds about 100 times faster than conventional WiFi systems available today. LiFi is the fastest and cheapest wireless communication system and is the optical version of WiFi. The technology can supposedly yield speeds more than 10 Gbps, allowing an HD film to be downloaded within 30 seconds. Every light source in homes and offices could potentially be a LiFi within 20 years. As a new technology to hit the scene, the future of LiFi is uncertain at this stage, but you can't deny that it certainly looks bright.